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|Title:||The Impact of diptank rehabilitation on the occurrence of Ticks and tickborne diseases in Umzingwane District, Matabeleland South, Zimbabwe|
Dube, Adolf B.
|Publisher:||International Organization of Scientific Research (IOSR)|
|Series/Report no.:||IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS);8 (2)|
|Abstract:||The objective of this study was to determine the impact of diptank rehabilitation on the prevalence of ticks, tick borne diseases (TBDs) and other tick related conditions in Umzingwane district of Zimbabwe. About 120 cattle farmers and three veterinary officers were randomly interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Before diptank rehabilitation programme, 70% of the farmers owned an average of 7 cattle and handling facilities were not intact. Furthermore, they were no footbath, no roof and head clump. As a result, all the farmers reported poor tick control due to the fact that cattle were escaping from the handling facilities before dipping. About 55% farmers lost cattle due to tick related conditions before diptank rehabilitation resulting in 17% cattle mortality. About 57% cases of tick borne diseases were reported and 70% farmers reported that their cattle suffered from teat and udder damage, abscess and screwworm wounds due to tick infestation. As a result 78% farmers resorted to the use of alternative dipping remedies such as used engine oil (45%), hand spraying (18%), and hand pulling (15%). In the period of 2009/10, the communal diptanks were rehabilitated by Stabex 95 programme. All the respondents reported that diptank rehabilitation improved effective dipping, eased up the carrying of other management activities and improved their herd productivity. Also, diptank rehabilitation resulted in reduction of tick infestation (80%), TBDs (75%), abscesses (95%), screwworminfestation (65%), calf mortalities (78%). Furthermore, about 83% of farmers owned an average of 13 cattle. The study revealed that diptank rehabilitation improved cattle productivity|
|Appears in Collections:||Department of Animal and Rangeland Management|
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