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Title: A Comparison Of prey Selection by the African Wild Dog (Lycaon Pictus) In Sikumi Forest and Hwange National Park.
Authors: Mathema, Andrihettah N.
Keywords: Prey Selection
African Wild Dog
Conservation measures
Issue Date: May-2018
Publisher: Lupane State University
Abstract: Lycaon pictus, commonly known as the African wild dog is an endangered species due to human persecution, habitat destruction and disturbance of their prey species. Studies have been done to identify mitigation measures for sustaining population of this species in the wild. This study was thus done to find what conservation measures are needed to preserve the African wild dog. The study used the scat analysis technique to determine its prey selection and hence conclude from its findings. Another endangerment is due to poaching using methods that are not selective like snare wires. Locals around the study area and neighboring communities poach mainly medium-sized ungulates hence during African wild dog prey availability. In order to prevent further declines in population numbers, the African wild dogs have to be translocated to areas of known prey species and the people from the community have to be educated on ways to preserve the African wild dog and their prey prefer. As such, the objective of this study was to assess the prey of the African wild dog in Hwange National Park and Sikumi Forest in order to enable management to make informed decisions in the conservation of the species. Nine African wild dog packs in the two areas were tracked and scat samples collected from June 2016 to June 2017. Kudu (Tragelaphus strepsicerous) and impala (Aepyceras melampus) were preferred more than other species. The endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) are capable on feeding primarily on large ungulates through hunting in packs. The outcomes of the study permit wildlife managers to precisely assess the existence chances of reinstated or small packs of African wild dogs by determining if enough preferred prey are available.
Appears in Collections:Department of Animal and Rangeland Management

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