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|Title:||Effectiveness of Public Private Partnerships in Solid Waste Management: A Case of Entumbane and Mzilikazi in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe|
|Keywords:||Public Private Partnerships|
Solid Waste Managemnt
|Publisher:||Lupane State University|
|Abstract:||Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) have been recognized as a key solution to the problems associated with solid waste. In Zimbabwe, solid waste management is the responsibility of the local authorities as prescribed by the law. This has resulted in inadequate service provision by the local authorities as they are underfunded. Bulawayo engaged community private truck owners for solid waste collection service in high density suburbs. The initiative has been running since 29 July 2015 with Emganwini suburb piloting the project. The focus of this study was to explore the effectiveness of solid waste collection by community micro-enterprises in Bulawayo through the PPPs arrangements. The objectives of the study were to determine the amount of waste collected before and after the inceptions of PPPs, secondly to assess the frequency of waste collection in the suburb serviced by micro enterprises (MEs) or the Community Refuse Collection Project (CRCP) and that being serviced by Bulawayo City Council (BCC), to determine the existence of illegal dumpsites in the study areas and finally to assess the feasibility and sustainability of the PPP initiatives in solid waste management in Bulawayo. A human and land-based survey following a cross-sectional study design was used to investigate the effectiveness of PPPs in solid waste management in Bulawayo. Two suburbs, Entumbane and Mzilikazi were purposively sampled for the study because the suburbs represented the two waste collection arrangements being offered in the city by the MEs and BCC respectively. Questionnaires were administered to respondents from the two sampled areas who were systematically selected and a total of 201 houses were interviewed. Key informants were also purposively sampled, Field observations were used to determine the existence and area of illegal dumpsites with a camera and a GPS device used to capture the images and coordinates of the illegal dumpsites. Both active and dormant dumpsites were mapped and coordinates recorded. Secondary data collected from local authority records was used to ascertain the amount of waste collected in Bulawayo from 2014 to 2017. The study established that waste collected in Bulawayo has been on a decline since the inception of the CRCP. Waste collected before the inception of PPPs was high than waste collected two years after the inception. This might have been due to deteriorating economic conditions in the country and the city as waste generation is linked to economic factors. Study also revealed that waste collection frequency has improved with 96% of respondents in agreement that BCC had now achieved its once-weekly collection schedule. Records also revealed that a +95% coverage rate and 90% collection rate had been achieved since the inception of PPPs from a collection capacity rate of between 30 to 70% before the inception of PPPs. Thus the BCC had achieved its goal of providing waste collection to all residents. Though there has been an average 87% reduction in the number of illegal dumpsites in the two suburbs, dumping was still a cause for concern. The study revealed that old habits, bad attitude and lack of care were the main drivers for the continued existence of illegal dumps. The study also revealed that the costs of running the CRCP was cost effective since the unit cost of revenue collected from residents was greater than the unit cost paid to MEs and that the local; authority has been able to realize some savings on fuel, repairs and maintenance as well as labor costs. It was recommended that BCC engage residents more in solid waste management, and that the local authority needed to change tact by embarking on roadshow awareness campaigns especially targeting those suburbs worst affected by illegal dumping. It was also recommended that BCC should increase enforcement to curtail illegal dumping and through engaging the residents to play their part in ensuring a clean environment in their suburbs.|
|Appears in Collections:||Department of Crop and Soil Science|
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