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Title: A Comparative Study of Phonological Variations in Tonga Varieties: A Case of Dhombe and Tonga Spoken in Ndola
Authors: Hondo, Mkhululi
Keywords: Phonological variations
Marginalized languages
Issue Date: May-2018
Publisher: Lupane State University
Abstract: The research discusses phonological variations in the ChiTonga language as spoken in Binga (Ndola) and Hwange (Dete) area. It also analyzed the possible causes of phonological differences in the two varieties. The study contributes towards the documentation of previously marginalized languages. The study also provides some of the phonemic inventory in line with what was gathered through the guideline of the lexical items of the Swadesh list. A qualitative approach was used in gathering and examining the phonemes of the Tonga varieties. The researcher noted that linguistic studies on the Tonga language have been extensible carried out in Zambia. Limited studies on the Tonga language have been carried out in Zimbabwe. The theoretical tools that were employed in this study include the tenets of the family tree model and the comparative method. The family tree model assumes that languages that share a great number of cognates originated from one proto language. The researcher selected some lexical items from the Swadesh list to present and illustrate phonological variations in Dhombe and ChiTonga. The Tonga language variations were established and analyzed through the use of the comparative and family tree model an attempt is made to account for the phonological variations. It was found out that language varieties of Tonga vary as a result of segment loss, simplification or assimilation processes such as plosivisation, fricativisation, voicing and velarisation. These phonological processes do not affect both speech communities of the same language that are geographically separated. That is at certain instances either of the two sister varieties of language returns the proto sound while the other submits to phonological changes. The construction of the possible proto Tonga sounds was done through employing certain tenets of the comparative linguistic method.
Appears in Collections:Department of Languages

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