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Title: A Rural Community Water Supply Scheme Design for Change, Lubweludile And Mpongola Villages in Ward XX of Hwange District, Zimbabwe.
Authors: Bangwayo, Tawanda
Keywords: piped water supply scheme
water sources
water supply
Issue Date: Jun-2018
Publisher: Lupane State University
Abstract: Hwange District is located in the driest areas of Zimbabwe. The only sources of water in the target area are 4 operational boreholes and the Mpongola River. Although situated in the driest part of the country the town of Hwange is near the Zambezi River and already using water from the big perennial river. The designing of a piped water supply scheme (PWSS) for the Change, Lubweludile and Mpongola utilized the already existing pipeline which ends at Lukosi secondary School (LSS). Qualitative and quantitative data was collected through socio-economic survey, assessment of water quality, adequacy and topographical survey. The water used by the village had undesirable characterizes which are color, smell and taste. The elements are above WHO maximum permissible water quality level such as turbidity, iron and magnesium from the river, 4 boreholes and 2 springs. The pipeline at (280 22’ 55’ S, 26o 37’ 54” E) near Lukosi Secondary School stretching along the Bulawayo- Victoria Falls highway towards Bulawayo has distribution lines on both sides of the highway. The amount of water to be designed for was to supply people for a designed period of 25 years, with 40 8501 (40.85m3) to a total projected population of 817 people. The pipeline is 9km, with diameter of 110mm and 90mm to be Lubweludile village and a 110mm pipe to Mpongola village passing through Change village. There will be stand taps at each household at the 136 households. The cost of implementing the design is US$ 72,000.00. In addition to that, they can also seek funding the government and NGOs and can lessen the cost of the project by providing labor and transport during implementation. The project is socially viable to the three villages by improving their health conditions and saves time spent while fetching water at distance of a kilometer to more productive activities.
Appears in Collections:Department of Crop and Soil Science

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