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Title: Determinants of Community Participation in Primary School Development Initiatives in Lupane District: A Case Study of Ward 16, Komba, Kabela and Malunku Primary Schools
Authors: Dube, Luckson
Keywords: Detrminates
Issue Date: Apr-2014
Publisher: Lupane State University
Abstract: This study examined determinates of community participation in primary education at Komba, Kabela and Malunku in Lupane district. Specifically, the study sought to determine the causes of participation and non-participation by local communities in school development activities, to determine which roles school development committees and communities played in school development activities, to determine local community’s awareness level, knowledge and skills in development activities. This study used a case study methodology to address a problem of community participation in school development. Data was collected from three schools, which were purposively selected. Qualitative research approach was applied were focus group discussions and qualitative interview were used for data collection. In these schools, 15 informants that include Education officers, headmasters, School Development Committees members, local leadership and community followed by Headmasters and then ended at district educational office. The focus group participants were formally interviewed at schools compounds. The findings demonstrate that community participation occurred in the three schools in several different ways that is construction of classrooms, toilets, school fencing, parents meetings and financing school activities. Parents also indicated that they were motivated to participate in school development because of child health and safety. Despite these encouraging outcomes, the implementation of community participation in schools is suffering from many challenges. Poverty in the community and fluctuation in household’s income were found to affect community capacity to finance schools. The SDCs lack basic knowledge and experience for the position and were not succeeded in performing their functions effectively. This board has also limited power over control of school budgets and decision making. It was therefore concluded that parental involvement in the management of school should be complemented with participation in financial management if school development performance is to be realized. Subsequently, the study recommends that community members should be involved from the inception of the project. Through awareness campaigns, the community will definitely recognize the benefits of community participation in schools. Careful planning for projects needs to be done with the community so that it fully understands what is taking place and will consequently take ownership. Community awareness and empowerment is important to promoting awareness, strengthening community-school relationship and surrendering local decision-making power.
Appears in Collections:Department of Development Studies

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